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By D. M. Bose, S.N. Sen, B. V. Subbarayappa

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The Atharvan songs and spells concerning healing of diseases throw important light on the oldest system of Indian medical sci~ce. Through these charms and spells the symptoms of a large number of diseases are described with great clarity. Winternitz notices a remarkable similarity between the magic incantations of the Indians and those of old Germctns in the fact that while the Atharvaveda mentions 55, 77, or 99 diseases, German incantations often refer to 77 or 99 diseases. II Another peculiarity of the Atharvaveda consists in its recognition of worms as the causes of many diseases.

C. gveda, while Hermann Jacobi b and B. G. C. C. a, Indra and Nasatyau. C. 'e THE VEDANGAS, THE SOTRAS AND THE ORIGIN OF SANSKRIT SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE We now come to another important group of literature, the Vedarigas, which deal separately with six special branches of knowledge, viz. f These branches of study arose within the Vedic schools themselves as a necessary condition for mastering the Vedas. Being works of human specialists, these are called Vedangas or auxiliary sciences of the Veda.

II Another peculiarity of the Atharvaveda consists in its recognition of worms as the causes of many diseases. Descriptions given of these worms are also of considerable zoological interest. The Atharvaveda is also very rich in anatomical nomenclature as will be clear from a glance at Filliozat's list mentioned previously. Opinion is divided on the question of origin of the theory of trido~a or tridhiltu in the Atharvaveda. , XVill. 5; Vaj. , XVII. 6; Kdth. , XVII. 11. Wintcrnitz. I, pt. I, p. 108.

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