By Marcus Jastrow
A vintage and nonetheless general source, Marcus Jastrow's huge dictionary continues to be special in that it covers either the Hebrew and the Aramaic languages utilized in the literature of the rabbinic interval. This imperative dictionary of targumic and rabbinic literature contains millions of entries in absolutely vocalized Hebrew and Aramaic, with references to the unique texts, transparent English definitions, and the whole variety of meanings and usages within the resources. it really is geared up alphabetically by way of real shape but additionally contains references to the foundation of phrases and considerable cross-references. whole in a single quantity, in a reader pleasant layout and web page measurement, with a strong binding and an index of scriptural quotations, it's the such a lot entire single-volume dictionary to be had for studying early Jewish texts.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature
This alternation, at first glance, looks quite mysterious. Why should the Falling tone on the penult vowel In the post-Low environment be replaced by a level Low tone In the post-High environment given that In both cases the preceding vowel Is High-toned? It is certainly no small virtue of the analysis we have developed that it explains this mysterious alternation effortlessly. The Falling tone on the penult vowel in the post-Low form has already been explained as arising simply from the application of High Tone Spread (the stem has an underlying HLH shape, and the first H spreads onto the penult vowel, which is associated underlyingly with the L).
In the analysis of Venda verbal tonology we will encounter cases of HLH sequences across morpheme boundaries (where the Low may in some cases be associated at the point where Meeussen's The Tonology of the Simple Noun 57 Rule applies, or where It may be unassoclated) and Meeussen's Rule fails to apply. (46) will in these cases make the wrong predictions. In any case, the post-High pronunciations of prefixless nouns like thdli and ndemwa show clearly that Meeussen's Rule does operate on HH sequences.
But in the post-High environment both words are realized with a High on their first vowel and a Low on their second. e. no new rules are required at all. 1 rather than an analysis where the prefixes are toneless. Suppose that we did not have a rule of Low-Deletion In Venda. Suppose furthermore t h a t the underlying representations for the noun stems bofu and thuku are as given in (43). We would then have the following (Incorrect) derivations for the post-High forms of bofu and thuku: The Tonology of the Simple Noun 58 (48) H L L H L H 1 1 1 I VIthuku I V bofu inapplicable H L L V bofu MR H L H HTS V thuku inapplicable inapplicable CS FS That is, we would Incorrectly generate *bofu and *thuku In the post-High context where b6fu and thuku are the desired output.