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Extra resources for A Grammar of Lezgian
C'iji ümür. Maxaikala: Dagestanskoe kniinoe izdatel'stvo. [Samur. Vol. 3. New life] A90: Ahmedov, Ibrahim. 1990. K'ewi dustar. Maxaikala: Daguipedgiz. X. S. ) 1987. Literaturadin xrestomatija. 5-klass. 11-izdanie. Maxaikala: Daguipedgiz. [Chrestomathy of literature. 5th grade. 11th edition] D57: Gor'kij, Maksim. 1957. Dide. Maxaöqala: Dagustandin ktabrin izdatel'stvo. [The mother. Translated from Russian by Magomed M. Gadiiev] E56: Efendiev, Zijaudin. 1956. Jark'iiuwan ru§. Maxaikala: Dagknigoizdat.
8% of those whose native language is not Lezgian). 6%) said they know Russian. 6%) gave another Daghestanian language as their native language. 3%) know another Daghestanian language. 4%) gave Russian. 5%) know Russian. 2. Geographical location Lezgian is spoken in an area of about 5 000 km 2 in southern Daghestan and in northern Azerbaijan ("Lezgistan"). In Daghestan, the Kuraxskij, Sulejman-Stal'skij (formerly Kasumkentskij), Magaramkentskij, and Axtynskij rayons are completely occupied by Lezgians.
Kr£ar 'horns' [khrtfar]. 1. 1. Pretonic High Vowel Syncope Apparently quite recently a phonological change has taken place in many dialects (including the dialect on which the standard language is based) which radically altered the phonotactics of the language: Loss of pretonic high vowels after voiceless obstruents. This vowel syncope is largely ignored by the standard orthography (thus presumably facilitating its use by speakers of non-syncope dialects). I will sometimes use the term "pre-syncope" here to refer to the state of the language before the loss of the pretonic high vowels.