Download A Grammar of Mina by Frajzyngier, Zygmunt; Johnston, Eric PDF

By Frajzyngier, Zygmunt; Johnston, Eric

Show description

Read or Download A Grammar of Mina PDF

Similar foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books

The Rough Guide to Croatian Dictionary Phrasebook 1 (Rough Guide Phrasebooks)

No matter if you need to reserve a resort room, pattern the neighborhood delicacies or just fee the bus occasions – The tough consultant Croatian Phrasebook can assist you in all events. With A-Z English to Croatian and Croatian to English translations, this pocket-sized phrasebook could have you conversing the language once you arrive.

Lord Jim (Webster's German Thesaurus Edition)

This variation is written in English. although, there's a operating German word list on the backside of every web page for the tougher English phrases highlighted within the textual content. there are various versions of Lord Jim. This version will be priceless if you'd like t

Complete Spoken Arabic (of the Arabian Gulf): A Teach Yourself Guide (Teach Yourself Language)

It is simple to coach your self spoken Arabic! entire Spoken Arabic: A train your self consultant provide you with a transparent and accomplished method of spoken Arabic, so that you can growth speedy from the fundamentals to figuring out, talking, and writing spoken Arabic with self belief. inside of all the 24 thematic chapters, very important language constructions are brought via life-like dialogues.

Extra info for A Grammar of Mina

Example text

Vowel retention is a marker of the phrase-final position, and vowel deletion is a marker of the phrase-internal position. The language has two tones, high and low. The tone has lexical and grammatical functions. Some morphemes have inherent tones and others have polar tones, determined by the following or preceding tone. When the final vowel of a word is de leted, the tone of the vowel is deleted as well. 7. Conclusions 33 We describe the operation of tone in various sections, where the tone plays the grammatical role or when the underlying tones of morphemes are affected.

First examples of the third person suffix added to high-tone verbs: 6. '" (94) v/ a mbal-u vi who 3SG like-3SG who 'Everybody liked her' a 3SG mbal-ü like-3SG Here is an example of the third person suffix added to a low tone verb. '" The determining factor in assignment of the polar tone is the last preceding tone as realized in the surface structure, rather than the underlying tone. e. a marker with high tone, the point of view-of-subject marker has low tone. ' (tor 'separate people who are fighting'; 'save') Similarly the third person object marker added to the consonantal root, has the tone opposite of the last preceding tone: (99) ha tdl kd mal ba \vada mamarj 2SG try INF seize ASSC food his mother md d-u REL cook-3SG 'If you try to discipline [children] with food [be refusing food] it is the mother who cooks it' If the object were to be sensitive to the underlying tone of the verb, which is low, the tone of the object marker u would have been high.

Focus on the adverb can be coded by setting it apart as a separate phrase through retention of the preceding vowel: (66) S3 lim-e gwafya mumburko 1SG see-GO elephant yesterday saw an elephant, just yesterday'. ' mumburko\ yesterday Word-initial vowels which are not grammatical morphemes and which do not replace preceding vowels, are deleted in phrase-internal position. In the following phrase the noun hida 'man' in isolation has an epenthetic [h]. The glottal continuant [h] does not occur in phraseinternal position.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.75 of 5 – based on 50 votes