By Richard Barras
This two-volume e-book explores how the good structures of britain endure witness to 1000 years of the nation’s background. In all ages, funding in iconic structures reaches a climax whilst the present mode of construction is working such a lot successfully, surplus wealth is such a lot abundant, and the dominant classification ideas best. in the course of such sessions of balance and prosperity, the call for for brand new constructions is powerful, structural and stylistic concepts abound, and there's fierce festival to construct for lasting status. each one such climax produces a special classic of hegemonic structures which are monuments to the wealth and gear of these who governed their international.
This moment quantity provides 3 case stories of iconic construction funding from the eighteenth century to the current day. through the eighteenth century the wealth of the nice landed estates funded the golden age of state condo development via aristocracy and gentry. through the 19th century the commercial Revolution unleashed an unparalleled wave of infrastructure funding and civic development by means of the ascendant capitalist category. because the past due 20th century the facility of worldwide monetary capital has been symbolized by way of the relentless upward thrust of urban centre place of work towers. a last bankruptcy argues that those diverse varieties of hegemonic development are a actual manifestation of the underlying rhythm of English history.
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Extra info for A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present
At home, his priority was to rehabilitate public finances after a century of foreign wars; abroad he sought to restore the trade links 8 A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History disrupted by the American War (Turner 1999: 11–55). However, his greatest challenge was posed by revolutionary France after the overthrow of its ancien régime in 1789. The French Revolution delivered a seismic shock to the British political system (Mori 2000). It led to bitter divisions of opinion within the ruling class, splintering the Whig party while consolidating the conservatism of the Pitt government in defence of property and the established order.
The new government introduced a wide-ranging programme of social and political reform. Its centrepiece was the Reform Bill, which was eventually passed into law amid great political turmoil on 4 June 1832 (Cannon 1972: 186–241). Under the First Reform Act of 1832, the distribution of parliamentary seats was made more equitable, transferring seats from rural to urban areas, and the franchise widened to include male leaseholders as well as freeholders, and owners or occupiers of property in urban boroughs as well as the rural shires.
During the seventeenth century, the focus of England’s military campaigns moved away from ancient territorial claims in France and religious conflict with Spain. Instead, war aims became more explicitly commercial, directed to the promotion of trade and the acquisition of colonies. The Commonwealth initiated an aggressive foreign policy based on sea power. Cromwell built up a powerful fleet which was deployed in fighting a trade war with the Netherlands and launching an attack on the Spanish West Indies that led to the capture of Jamaica (Smith 1997: 335–40).