By James Shinn
The aim of a negotiated peace in Afghanistan has been firmly embraced through many of the strength events to a treaty. although, arriving at an contract concerning the sequencing, timing, and prioritization of peace phrases might be tricky, given the divergence within the events' pursuits and pursuits. The U.S. goal
in those negotiations can be a reliable and peaceable Afghanistan that neither hosts nor collaborates with terrorists.
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Extra info for Afghan Peace Talks: A Primer
Com, November 30, 2010. The Actors 29 girls. Afghanistan’s literacy rate will triple over the next decade as these children complete their education. Today, 80 percent of Afghans have access to basic health care facilities, almost twice as many as in 2005. Infant mortality has dropped by one-third, and adult longevity is going up. 9 Afghans are very concerned about still-rising violence, but this too needs to be seen in some context. 10 What is an annual figure for Afghanistan would have been a typical month in Iraq, a smaller country, back in the awful days of 2006.
Third, they should lay down their arms. Until recently, American officials had left vague whether these three desiderata were preconditions to talks or negotiating objectives. In a Feb- 14 Afghan Peace Talks: A Primer ruary 18, 2011, speech to the Asia Society, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton clearly stated that they were the desired end point of negotiations, not the price of entry. Prospects for and Obstacles to Agreement From the standpoint of the various interested parties, some motives for favoring a negotiated solution may be short-lived, and others may wax and wane over the coming years.
Do they believe that time is on their side? As far as one can tell in advance, what are the likely “must haves” and what are merely the “want to haves”? Notably, what are the dealbreakers? Who do they think can ultimately deliver on the objectives that they really need? What are the likely sticking points once a negotiation is under way? From a practical standpoint, what incentives or threats could likely move them off these sticking points in the pursuit of a viable peace accord? The overarching consideration in this assessment of the parties to any Afghan peace process is coherence.