By Michelle Holder
This booklet analyzes the prestige and place of African American males within the U.S. hard work industry sooner than, in the course of, and after the nice Recession. utilizing a version of occupational crowding, the e-book outlines how the illustration of African American males in significant occupational different types nearly universally declined in the course of the fresh recession whilst white non-Hispanic males have been capable of preserve their occupational illustration within the face of outstanding activity losses. utilizing US Census Bureau information, this ebook illustrates how African American males sought to insulate their crew from devastating task losses by means of expanding their academic attainment in a task marketplace the place employers exercised extra leverage in hiring. notwithstanding, this procedure used to be not able to guard this crew from disparate activity losses as African American males turned additional marginalized within the crew throughout the nice Recession. coverage techniques to deal with excessive African American male unemployment are defined within the ultimate chapter.
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Extra info for African American Men and the Labor Market during the Great Recession
9 Bergmann’s model controlled for educational attainment as an explanatory variable for occupational crowding, but she restricted her analysis to occupations requiring less than a high school diploma. Thus, occupations requiring higher educational attainment levels were not examined. Bergmann’s (1971) Methodology to Determine Occupational Segregation In an attempt to control for educational attainment differences, and recognizing the significant gap in educational attainment levels between blacks and whites at the time of her research, Bergmann only looked at occupations which required less than a high school diploma.
Net/ publications/reports/unions-and-upward-mobility-for-african-american-workers Schmitt, John, and Janelle Jones. 2012. Union Membership Holds Steady in 2011. Center for Economic Policy Research Data Byte, Washington, DC. php/data-bytes/union-membershipbytes/union-membership-holds-steady-in-2011 Stillwell, Robert. 2010. Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2007–08, First Look. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Washington, DC.
10, I conducted one-tailed two-proportion z tests to determine the statistical significance of changes from 2005–2006 to 2010–2011 for both the numerator (the proportion of African American or white non-Hispanic men in the jth occupation) and the denominator (the proportion of African American or white non-Hispanic men who possess the requisite educational credentials held by the majority of workers in the jth occupation) of the occupational crowding index. Tests were either left- or right-tailed depending on whether the change in the value of the numerator or denominator of an index was an increase or a decrease.