By Sarah Holt (auth.)
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Extra info for Aid, Peacebuilding and the Resurgence of War: Buying Time in Sri Lanka
Good governance’ as a tool of peacebuilding has credence, particularly for established democracies, given the relationship between contested elections and ethnic discord. 60 This is particularly relevant in cases where war has come after the transition Peacebuilding and Economic Recovery 29 to democracy: Sri Lanka, the former Yugoslav republics, Burundi, Iraq and Rwanda are examples. The risks attached to the pursuit of peace through the establishment of democratic practices, are that they confer legitimacy on a regime.
The UN’s approach to peacebuilding raises the issue of the timing of peacebuilding initiatives. During the 1990s the World Bank also developed its capacity to assist states emerging from war. e. 27 The World Bank stated its ‘anti-poverty focus implies a concern with income disparities and exclusion of population groups – two conditions often at the root of civil conflict. 28 The World Bank describes, the ‘transition to sustainable peace’ as ‘post-conflict reconstruction’ where the UN calls it peacebuilding.
An in depth assessment is provided into the impact of recovery programmes in the war-affected North, and why they did not link to the wider peace process. Field research carried out in 2005, three and a half years after the ceasefire began, found that despite the observable impact of millions of dollars in aid, the causes of the conflict remained untouched by considerable local economic recovery. It details the recovery of the Mannar district, bisected by the frontline between the Sri Lankan Armed Forces (SLAF) and the Liberation Tigers of the Tamil Eelam (LTTE), providing a comprehensive overview of the main development sectors.