By A. B. Bosworth, E. J. Baynham
Вокруг имени Александра Македонского сложилось множество легенд. Эта работа представляет собой подборку исследований крупных западных историков, в которых производится попытка отделить правду от вымысла.
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Additional resources for Alexander The Great In Fact And Fiction
21; Leonard 1944. 64 Arr. 4. 15. 4–7; Bosworth 1995: 104–7. 65 The Amazons were the prime drawcard, the ultimate appeal to prurient male curiosity, but in both cases the motivation of the informants was blatantly obvious and the reports were disregarded. However, there was much that was completely new, that could not be accommodated to traditional beliefs and prejudices. In the literature of the Spanish conquest the most moving expression of wonder is Bernal Díaz’ panegyric over the marvels of Tenochtitlan.
He could, however, be killed if he presented too much of a threat to those around him, and the Gedrosian episode was a stark illustration of the magnitude of the dangers he voluntarily embraced. We can extend the narrative similarities beyond the personae of the conquerors. In more general ways the sources echo each other and reveal comparable values, comparable modes of thought. One of the most striking phenomena is what can only be termed a sanitization of the military carnage. Both Cortés and Alexander led forces which were technically superior to anything they encountered.
In the literature of the Spanish conquest the most moving expression of wonder is Bernal Díaz’ panegyric over the marvels of Tenochtitlan. The city on the water with its great pyramids was almost the stuff of fairy-tales, ‘like an enchanted vision from the tale of Amadis . . ’ Díaz proceeds to a rapturous description of the palaces of stone and cedar wood, the fragrant orchards and rose gardens, the birds of all breeds and varieties. ’66 The marvels did not protect the Mexican from the holocaust, and in some ways they were responsible for it.