Download An Elementary Latin Grammar by Henry John Roby PDF

By Henry John Roby

Henry John Roby (1830-1915) used to be a Cambridge-educated classicist whose influential occupation integrated classes as a schoolmaster, professor of Roman legislations, businessman, academic reformer and Member of Parliament. common Latin Grammar (1862) is an entire, concise advent to the Latin language. Written for lecture room use, it provides crucial grammatical structures within the clearest attainable demeanour, utilizing abundant fabric from the classical authors as demonstrations of simple rules. The e-book courses the reader via noun and adjective declensions and the complete array of verb conjugations sooner than turning to prosody and syntax, the place Roby's techniques in Latin guide are most obvious. uncomplicated, direct, and established upon examples together with texts by means of Livy and Cicero, the ebook indicates scholars the way to parse easy sentences whereas additionally introducing them to extra refined and complicated buildings. It is still an invaluable source for academics of Latin, and a desirable record within the heritage of schooling.

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Portus, a port. lacus, a lake. partus, a birth. quercus, an oak. tribus, a tribe. cave. u, a spit. § 33. DSmus, a house, is thus declined: Singular. Plural. Nom. domus Nom. domus. Ace. domum Ace. domos (rarely domus). Gen. domus Gen. dornuuin, or domorum. Dat. domui Dat. domibus. Abl. domo Abl. Domi, at home, is the locative case. See § 201. § 34. FIFTH DECLENSION. Gen. Sing. Sometimes ei is contracted into e; as, die, acie, Dat. fidePlural. The genitive, dative, and ablative are not found in good authors, except in the words, res, dies, and species.

13. Adjectives (in the positive degree) differ from substantives only in having inflexions to denote differences of gender. They may be divided into two classes. 1. Those which have a different form for all three genders. 2. Those which have one form for masculine and feminine, and either another form for the neuter or the same form. The 1st class has a feminine termination (nom. in a) like the first declension; and masculine (nom. in us or er), neuter (nom. in urn) like the second declension.

2. Demonstrative: First person; hie, this near me. Second person; iste, that near you. Third person; ille {for ollus), the man, &c. at a distance from either of us. To these add ' is,' that, he, and its compounds, idem, the same; ipse (for ipsus), he himself. * It is due to this that we have constructions such as, Ut mea defunctae molliter ossa cubent (Ovid), That my bones when I have done with life may softly lie (mea being equivalent to mei). Veatra consilia accusantur, qui mihi summum honorem imposuistis, /( is your plans that are really subject to the charge, for you have put me in the highest office (where vestra is equivalent to the genitive of vos).

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