By Stefani Engelstein
In worried Anatomy, Stefani Engelstein reconstructs the past due eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century human physique to provide startling new readings of significant works by means of Goethe, Blake, Heinrich von Kleist, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Mary Shelley, and Jane Austen. Engelstein hyperlinks study on copy either to the power of organisms reminiscent of hydra, snails, and newts to interchange severed heads and gouged out eyes, and in addition to technical advances in battlefield amputation and synthetic limbs. Readings of German and British literature, along common historical past, surgical procedure, aesthetics, and paintings, remove darkness from the significance of investigations into the physique for rising theories of human subjectivity, gender, volition, moral habit, and political association. Engelstein additionally demonstrates how makes an attempt to provide an explanation for the structural features of the physique constructed into organic justifications for ideologies of race, gender, and social hierarchies.
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Extra info for Anxious Anatomy. The Conception of the Human Form in Literary and Naturalist Discourse
Frank, vol. 53 In one reading, the state here grafts a cultivated eye, an educated perspective, onto the wild foster children. Because grafting entails a removal of the young branches from Formative Drives 45 their parental stock to a new location, however, the verse also includes an implied endorsement of the radical proposition that abandoned children brought up by the state are in fact more productive than those left with their parents. Running counter to the naturalistic ideology of the breastfeeding campaign, the child here takes on a highly transferable quality.
On the other hand they called it Adulterium, adultery, if the inoculation not only crossed species [Art], but even genus [Geschlecht]. ) Successful grafting, or marriage, depends on accurately judging degrees of afﬁnity, a skill we could wish the characters in Goethe’s novel possessed. While the language of marriage and sexual union was used to describe the bonding of tree branches, grafting also resembled a new planting in that it was seen primarily as a form of propagation. A single desirable tree can be easily multiplied many times by removing tens of its branches and grafting each to a rootstock to be raised as a whole new tree.
3 for Henne’s illustration of this procedure). The cut must be deep enough to include this germ. The piece is then afﬁxed to a wound of similar size and shape in the bark and wood of the stock. 49 The transitive principle facilitates the association between that living principle and the eyes. If this germ is missing, the eye cannot grow, but will dry out and fall off the same summer, even if, as sometimes happens, the shield fuses . . This germ is the soul of the eye. ) The eye is indeed the window to the soul here.