By Durwood Ball
Deployed to posts from the Missouri River to the Pacific in 1848, the U.S. military undertook an previous challenge on frontiers new to the U.S.: occupying the western territories; suppressing American Indian resistance; protecting the peace between feuding Indians, Hispanics, and Anglos; and consolidating usa sovereignty within the quarter. Overshadowing and complicating the frontier army project have been the politics of slavery and the starting to be rift among the North and South. As standard troops fanned out around the American West, the various population of the area intensified their festival for usual assets, political autonomy, and cultural survival. Their conflicts usually erupted into violence that propelled the military into insurrection accountability and bloody conflict. analyzing the complete continuum of martial strength within the American West, Durwood Ball unearths how common troops waged conflict on American Indians to implement federal legislations. He additionally presents information at the army's army interventions opposed to filibusters in Texas and California, Mormon rebels in Utah, and violent political partisans in Kansas. in contrast to past histories, this ebook argues that the politics of slavery profoundly prompted the western venture of the usual army--affecting the hearts and minds of officials and enlisted males either because the country plummeted towards civil conflict.
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Additional info for Army Regulars on the Western Frontier, 1848-1861
Like Col. Richard B. ~ 4 ARMY REGULARS O N T H E WESTERN FRONTIER A fifty-three-year-old artilleryman from Virginia, the doe-eyed Washington inherited a tumultuous territory. Two-hundred-year-old wars between Indians-Navajos, Apaches, Utes, Comanches, and Kiowas-and New Mexicans wracked the settlements and Indian homelands. Conquered Hispanos and victorious Anglos deeply resented one another, and their mutual animosity sometimes erupted in street violence in the major towns. Residents, both Anglo and Hispano, clamored for an end to the military government-army tyranny they called it-that had ruled them since Brig.
Congress was still deadlocked over slavery in New Mexico and California when Whig president Zachary "Old Rough and Ready" Taylor took office in March I 849. He had conquered and occupied northeastern Mexico during the war, and having been a regular-army officer for forty years, he took the national view of political affairs. Although he owned some 140 slaves, Taylor was cool toward all self-righteous sectional radicals generally and yapping southern slavocrats specifically. Stunning both Whigs and Democrats in the South, the old soldier favored in principle a free-soil California and New Mexico.
Ethan A. Hitchcock and Capt. Edward D. Townsend, headquartered in San Francisco, visited a cultivated Methodist minister, who turned the talk toward Indian affairs. His solution to the indigenous obstacle was to plant a smallpox epidemic among the Indians. After all, the clergyman noted, Indian "extermination" was part of God's design for the United States. Hitchcock, a humanitarian and reformer of national reputation, let the minister know that he and Townsend embraced no part of his unconscionable scheme.