By E. Friedman, B. Gilley
This edited quantity reconsiders the traditional knowledge that argues that the comparative functionality of China has been more advantageous to that of India, bringing jointly new paradigms for comparing nations when it comes to economics, social coverage, politics, and international relations. Essays exhibit that if now not outright fallacious, traditional knowledge has confirmed to be overly simplified. The e-book brings out the complexity and richness of the India-China comparability.
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Extra info for Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India
China maintains a greater coercive control over society, indicative of a failure to reconcile many citizens to the current regime. What that means is that, as in 1989, the kind of attitudinal approval for the regime that appears so high may conceal more complex attitudes toward the regime, some of which remain falsified until a political crisis erupts (Kuran 1992). Friedman, for example, notes the pervasive unofficial critiques and attacks on the state that suggest underlying unrest, especially outside of Beijing and Shanghai where most opinion surveys are conducted (Friedman 2002).
Selig Harrison warned in 1960 that in India “anarchy, fascism, and totalitarian small nationalities will each torture this body politic at one time or another in the decades ahead” bringing it finally to disintegration (Harrison 1960). Ronald Segal wrote in 1965 that the plain living, attention to the poor, and wise industrial programs of China’s leaders compared to the corruption, politicking, and industrial failures of those in India. “In almost every aspect of industrialization . . China has advanced further and faster than India,” and thus it was China that would serve as a developmental model for the poor in developing countries (Segal 1965, 221).
I find in this chapter that China’s gains in material welfare (income, education, health) in both the pre-reform and reform eras has been among the best of all developing countries, at least as far as we know, based on its official statistics. India however has not been a laggard, achieved two-thirds and then three-quarters of the same gains in the two periods. At the same time, China’s performance on rights and freedoms is much worse than most developing countries, excepting those where political disorder cancels out any formal freedoms.