By Carl G. Hempel
G TRADE-PAPERBACK. HEAVY UNDERLINING AND different MARKINGS p101-117; LITTLE IF ANY somewhere else.
Read or Download Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science PDF
Similar history & philosophy books
Essentially the most vital and debatable topics within the modern discussion between scientists and Christian theologians is the problem of "divine motion" on this planet. This quantity brings jointly contributions from top students in this subject, which emerged out of the clinical views on Divine motion undertaking, co-sponsored through the Vatican Observatory and the guts for Theology and ordinary technology.
Either historic therapy and significant research, this paintings by means of a famous physicist takes a desirable examine a primary of physics, tracing its improvement from historic to fashionable occasions. Kepler's initiation of clinical conceptualization, Newton's definition, post-Newtonian reinterpretation — contrasting recommendations of Leibniz, Boscovich, Kant with these of Mach, Kirchhoff, Hertz.
The Aspiring Adept provides a provocative new view of Robert Boyle (1627-1691), one of many top figures of the clinical Revolution, by means of revealing for the 1st time his avid and lifetime pursuit of alchemy. Boyle has normally been thought of, besides Newton, a founding father of smooth technology due to his mechanical philosophy and his experimentation with the air-pump and different early clinical equipment.
- Controversies Within the Scientific Revolution
- Scientific Babel: How Science Was Done Before and After Global English
- Gamma: Exploring Euler's Constant
- The Perfect Shape: Spiral Stories
- The ''Origin'' Then and Now: An Interpretive Guide to the ''Origin of Species''
Additional info for Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science
An analogous comment applies, of course, to our definition of an observation report as a class or a conjunction of observation sentences. The need for this broad conception o f observation sentences and observation reports is readily recognized: Confirmation as here conceived is a logical relationship between sentences, just as logical consequence is. Now whether a sentence S2is a consequence of a sentence Sx does not depend on whether or not Sx is true (or known to be true); and analogously, the criteria of whether a given statement, expressed in terms of the observational vocabulary, confirms a certain hypothesis cannot depend on whether the statements in the report are true, or based on actual experience, or the like.
Hence, falsification is a special case of disconfirmation; it is the logical relation of incompatibility between sentences, with its domain restricted to observation sentences. Clearly, the concepts of verification andfalsification as here defined are relative; a hypothesis can be said to be verified or falsified only with respect to some ob servation report; and a hypothesis may be verified by one observation report and may not be verified by another. There are, however, hypotheses which cannot be verified and others which cannot be falsified by any observation report.
1) is unconditionally satisfied. An analogous remark applies to the subsequently proposed further standards of adequacy. Second, an observation report which confirms certain hypotheses would invariably be qualified as confirming any consequence of those hypotheses. Indeed: any such consequence is but an assertion of all or part of the combined content of the original hypotheses and has therefore to be regarded as confirmed by any evidence which confirms all of the latter. 2) C onsequence C ondition.