Download Australian longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) by Adam Slipinski, Hermes Escalona PDF

By Adam Slipinski, Hermes Escalona

Longhorn Beetles ― Cerambycidae are essentially the most simply well-known teams of beetles, a kin that around the world encompasses over 33 000 species in 5200 genera. With over 1400 species categorised in three hundred genera, this is often the 6th biggest between 117 beetle households in Australia.

These beetles frequently assault and kill dwelling wooded area or orchard bushes and strengthen in building bushes (like the eu apartment borer, brought to WA), inflicting critical harm. almost all Cerambycidae feed on residing or useless plant tissues and play an important function in all terrestrial environments the place vegetation are came upon. Larvae usually make the most of broken or lifeless timber for his or her improvement, and during feeding on rotten wooden shape a big section of the saproxylic fauna, dashing power circulate in those habitats. Many species are indexed as quarantine pests as a result of their damaging position to the bushes industry.

This moment of 3 volumes on Australian Longhorn Beetles covers the taxonomy of genera of the Cerambycinae, with reviews on common heritage and morphology. 100 and forty-two Cerambycinae genera are clinically determined and defined, an illustrated key to their id is supplied, and pictures illustrate representatives of genera and of exact kind specimens.

A complete directory of all Australian species with synonymies and bibliographic citations can also be integrated.

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Extra resources for Australian longhorn beetles (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae)

Sample text

Cerambycidae are phytophagous beetles. Their larvae, called round-headed borers, develop in tissues of woody or herbaceous plants in conditions ranging from healthy and alive to dead and decomposing due to fungi (Duffy 1953). In addition to the standard set of digestive enzymes, the gut of cerambycid larvae contains cellulotic enzymes and yeast-like symbionts (in the mid gut) help to extract sugars and critical particles like nitrogen from the wood material (Švácha & Lawrence, in press). Some Australian cerambycids apparently are specialists confined to a single or a few plant species suitable for larval development, but many show amazingly broad host ranges that include native and introduced gymnosperms and angiosperms (Duffy 1963; Hawkeswood & Dauber 1991).

The other three species, Nupserha vexator Pascoe (Fig. 105A), Mecas saturnina (Leconte) (Fig. 162A) and Aerenicopsis championi Bates (Fig. 162B), introduced against Noogoora Burr — Xanthium strumarium, and Lantana — Lantana camara, have never established (Haseler 1966, 1981; Palmer et al. 2000). 40 Economic importance A D B C E F Figure 29. Longhorn beetles of quarantine concern A,B C D E F Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), Asian Longhorned Beetle Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), Citrus Longhorned Beetle Monochamus alternatus Hope, Pine Sawyer Beetle Stromatium barbatum (Fabricius), Teak Trunk Borer Stromatium longicorne (Newman), longhorn beetle 41 Geographic distribution Longhorn beetles are distributed worldwide but the two the most speciose groups, the Cerambycinae and in particular the Lamiinae, have radiated extensively in the tropics, the tropical fauna contributing about 90% of the world species (Linsley 1959).

13A). All three pairs of legs are usually similar but in males of several Lamiinae the front legs are longer and sometimes with arcuate and internally toothed protibiae (Fig. 63H).  Batocera) to strongly oblique with the base of the femur abutting coxa.  152D). The tibiae are usually weakly expanded apically and setose, but in Parandrinae and some Prioninae are strongly widened and often toothed at the apex and dentate along the outer edge. The tibial spurs are usually 2-2-2, rarely reduced to a single spur or absent on some pairs of legs.

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