Download Beyond the Neighborhood Unit: Residential Environments and by Tridib Banerjee PDF

By Tridib Banerjee

Much of the study on which this ebook is predicated was once funded nearly a decade in the past by means of separate offers from diversified firms of the U. S. Public well-being provider, of the then nonetheless consolidated division of health and wellbeing, schooling, and Welfare. the 1st provide was once from the Bureau of neighborhood Environmental administration (Public future health carrier learn supply J-RO J EM 0049-02), and the second one from the heart for reports of Metropolitan difficulties of the nationwide Institute of psychological wellbeing and fitness (Public well-being carrier provide ROJ MH 24904-02). those separate supplies have been invaluable as a result of price range cuts that truncated our unique attempt. We have been lucky to obtain next the aid of NIMH to finish the learn, because it is uncertain venture of the scope and purpose of our effort--even as accomplished in abbreviated form-will be funded within the Nineteen Eighties. the unique cause of this venture, as formulated through our colleagues Ira Robinson and Alan Kreditor, and as conceptualized prior by means of their predeces­ sors-members of an advisory committee of planners and social scientists ap­ pointed via the yankee Public health and wellbeing organization (APHA)-was to rewrite making plans the local, APHA's urged criteria for residential layout. particularly, it used to be proposed that the hot learn take the perspective of the consumer by way of residential criteria. Hitherto, the non-public area had domi­ nated those concerns (i. e. , the designer's predilections, the necessities of developers and fabric providers, and creditors' wishes for personal loan security).

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CONCLUSIONS What have we learned from this review? The skeptic might conclude that the major message is "more is less": the more we investigate this topic, the less practitioners know what to do; the more sophisticated we become about the subtleties and the various dimensions of the notion of the neighborhood, the less able we are to provide clear-cut guidelines or principles of design to assist the planner. There is an element of truth in this conclusion, but the mistake lies in expecting the wrong kind of answer to emerge from the inquiry.

As modem researchers have attempted to make the term neighborhood more precise and more amenable to description and measurement, they have been confronted with the variety of ways in which the two basic concerns-people and territory- 32 CHAPTER 2 can be combined. Sociologists, for example, have examined the differences between being friends and being neighbors and have looked at the interaction patterns of neighboring within urban communities. Environmental designers, on the other hand, have limited their observations to how people use space and facilities within a geographic area (Keller, 1968).

THE NEIGHBORHOOD UNIT AS A DESIGN PARADIGM 33 It is therefore incumbent on the community of environmental researchers and designers alike to provide new design paradigms to respond to the objections to the old one and to stimulate further creativity by providing new alternatives. One way to provide these alternatives is to break away from the very concept of neighborhood itself. It will be recalled in our earlier review of the literature that many sociologists have maintained that the neighborhood is more a sociological than a spatial phenomenon.

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