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By Charles R. McManis

How will we advertise international financial improvement, whereas at the same time maintaining neighborhood organic and cultural variety? This authoritative quantity, written via best felony specialists and organic and social scientists from worldwide, goals to deal with this question in all of its complexity. the 1st a part of the ebook makes a speciality of biodiversity and examines what we're wasting, why and what's to be performed. the second one half addresses biotechnology and appears at if it is a part of the answer or a part of the matter, or even either. The 3rd part examines conventional wisdom, explains what it truly is and the way, if in any respect, it may be secure. The fourth and ultimate half appears to be like at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and provides useful classes from the huge and various reviews of the members.

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Additional info for Biodiversity and the Law: Intellectual Property, Biotechnology and Traditional Knowledge

Example text

Specifically, as an academic exercise, the conference was designed to produce an interdisciplinary trialogue among experts representing the life sciences, the social sciences and the humanities (including, prominently, law). Equally important, however, the conference also produced a broader trialogue among academics, government policy makers and representatives from the private sector and various civil society organizations. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, the conference produced an international trialogue among spokespersons from biodiversity-rich developing countries and communities (including indigenous communities), non-profit research organizations involved in international botanical research collaborations in those countries and communities, and two of the international agencies most involved in the debate over how to protect traditional knowledge – namely, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Specifically, he describes the criteria and terms of the Research Collaborative Agreement (RCA) used by INBio, the development of INBio’s institutional capacities through strategic alliances with the government, and academic and private sectors (including some 20 RCAs to date with industry and academic institutions), as well as a more recent type of partnership with local enterprises, with a view to developing simpler products in a shorter period of time than is required for the development of agricultural, biotechnological or pharmaceutical products.

This chapter describes the pertinent processes taking place in Venezuela, focusing on two ethnographic case studies conducted by the authors with the Piaroa and Jotï indigenous communities, as well as the impact of the CBD, Decision 391 of the Andean Community, and Venezuelan law on basic and applied research in Venezuela, particularly the devastating impact that Venezuelan law has had on the ambitious, but controversial ES_BL_8-3 13/3/07 11:50 Page 11 BIODIVERSITY, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE PROTECTION 11 BIOZULUA database project, which was originally aimed at the salvage recording of fast-disappearing traditional knowledge among various ethnic groups of the Venezuelan Amazon.

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