By Kees d'Angremond, F. van Roode
Breakwaters and closure dams belong to the main staggering hydraulic constructions. they're uncovered to the main serious loading by means of waves and currents, both in the course of their development, or in the course of their lifestyles cycle.
Design and development of those constructions are so vitally interrelated right understanding requires an intensive wisdom of the theory and a formal knowing of sensible concerns.
This booklet bargains an essential, integrated combination of idea and perform to the graduate student. Beginning with a description of the sensible necessities, it discusses the correct thought and indicates the appliance of expertise and theoretical wisdom to the layout.
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Additional info for Breakwaters and closure dams
Thoresen  gives suggestions for ships at berth in head seas. These values are slightly modified in Table 4-1 according to the experience of the authors. The acceptability of the conditions refers to both damage to the vessel and damage to the structure. 70 Table 4-1 Maximum wave heights for ships at berth Loading and unloading operations may impose extra restrictions. It will be clear that loading and unloading liquid bulk cargo via a flexible hose allows larger ship movements than placing containers in a slot.
Considering these remarks, one can conclude that a study book on the design and construction of breakwaters and closure dams deals with the final stages of the design process for the structure itself. Notwithstanding, for a proper understanding of what one is doing, throughout the process the link has to be maintained with the higher abstraction levels. If one fails to do this, the risk emerges that one teaches students to apply prescriptive recipes, instead of designing creative solutions. For this reason, relatively much attention will be given to the link with the purpose and functionality of the system.
The final design for the scheme may involve a different step. For instance, the definite sea defence dam could be made in the lee of the temporary closure structure, enabling the construction elements of the closure dam to be used elsewhere. Consideration may also be given to splitting the actual closing operation into two or three compartments to keep the construction process and the construction materials within a workable scale. Considering these remarks, one can conclude that a study book on the design and construction of breakwaters and closure dams deals with the final stages of the design process for the structure itself.