By CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Challenging Neighbours offers broad insurance of the German and Dutch economies, from an institutional viewpoint. Pensions, festival coverage, labour family members, company governance, and wellbeing and fitness care are one of the subject matters for which the institutional surroundings and function of Germany and the Netherlands are in comparison. The problems and successes the nations have in dealing with pressures from getting older inhabitants, advancements in expertise, and worldwide festival are traced again to their institutional roots, and result in mutual classes for institutional reform for German and Dutch coverage makers.
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Extra info for Challenging Neighbours: Rethinking German und Dutch Economic Institutions
Norms of behaviour, conventions, self imposed codes of conduct. Institutional change concerns the evolution of institutions through time: - institutional design is the process of constructing and adjusting formal institutions - evolution of informal institutions is the (gradual) process of changing norms of behaviour, conventions, etc. , age structure of the population. Trends concern changes of conditions that persist for a certain period of time. 1 Foundations This section pays attention to two aspects of the analytical framework: its general structure and the behaviourial assumptions.
Special attention should be given to initiatives aimed at levelling the playing field of private and public companies in sectors where these are in competition directly or potentially. In the Netherlands the Cohen Committee has recently published areport with a list of proposals to deal with mixed markets of public and private firms. With respect to Germany, for this purpose the OECD recommends to review the overall regulatory structure. It is obvious that a levelling of playing fields of (semi-)public and private firms, where these are in direct competition, is crucial in removing distortions in resource allocation.
2 Structure of the Study and Summary of Policy Options 23 More Entrepreneurial Benefit Administration. A shift towards more active labour-market policies involving conditional and in-kind benefits (see below) calls for tailor-made solutions implemented by a decentralized benefit administration that exploits its information advantage about individual circumstances. More generally, a more heterogeneous and diverse population requires more tailor-made and innovative solutions. Accordingly, social security administrations should be transformed from hierarchical bureaucratic organizations to more decentralized, entrepreneurial and customer-oriented bodies.