By M.R. Riazi
Either petroleum pros and people with no technical engineering heritage will locate this detailed new handbook to be an important and complete reference for the petroleum in either processing and creation. WHAT MAKES THIS handbook SO special? • offers over six hundred predictive tools from theoretical to empirical, together with the main common and so much actual ones for a variety of stipulations • Covers over a hundred thermodynamic and actual houses, that are appropriate to a variety of natural compounds, combos, petroleum fractions, petroleum items, heavy residues, waxes, asphaltenes, crude oils, traditional gases, reservoir fluids, and coal drinks. • Discusses mild and heavy, liquid and vapor, and coffee and excessive strain structures • presents particular ideas for every indexed estate and its functions • comprises solved sensible difficulties and offers workout issues of a good number of real info for oils from world wide. This new guide is a different and complete source for pros within the petroleum undefined, learn, and executive, in addition to environmental corporations and academia.
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Additional info for Characterization and Properties of Petroleum Fractions
Estimation of some basic properties such as molecular weight, molecular-type composition, sulfur content, flash, pour point and freezing points, critical constants, and acentric factor for petroleum fractions are presented in this chapter. A theoretical discussion on development of characterization methods and generation of predictive correlations from experimental data is also presented. Methods of Chapter 3 are extended to Chapter 4 for the characterization of various reservoir fluids and crude oils.
Generally, the methods of estimation of properties of gases are more accurate than those for liquid systems. Most of the methods presented in the book are supported by some scientific basis and they are not simply empirical correlations derived from a certain group of data. This widens the application of the methods presented in the book to different types of oils. However, all basic parameters and necessary engineering concepts are defined in a way that is understandable for those nonengineer scientists who are working in the petroleum or related industry.
For example, for a typical refinery of 160000 bbl/d (8 million tons/year) capacity, the cost of construction in Europe is about $2 billion . 5/bbl while this number for refineries of 1980s was about $2/bbl. In addition to the extra cost of investment, inappropriate design of units can cause extra operating costs and shorten the plant life as well as produce products that do not match the original design specifications. The use of a proper characterization method to calculate more accurate X1 100 80 where xl and x2 are the mole fractions of components 1 and 2 in the liquid phase, respectively.