By Harvey F. Kline
Charts the growth and failure of Colombian President Andrés Pastrana’s efforts to carry an finish to sixty years of civil war.
The civil struggle in Colombia has waxed and waned for nearly sixty years with moving objectives, courses, and strategies one of the contending events and with bursts of appalling violence punctuated through uneasy truces, cease-fires, and makes an attempt at reconciliation. kinds of Marxism, the economics of narco-trafficking, peasant land starvation, poverty, and oppression combine jointly in a poisonous stew that has claimed uncounted lives of (most usually) peasants, conscript infantrymen, and those that simply received within the way.
Hope for solution of this clash is generally restricted to dreamers and millenialists of varied persuasions, yet sometimes an test is made at a step forward within the army stalemate among the govt and the Marxist teams. some of the most promising such makes an attempt used to be made by means of new Colombian President Andrés Pastrana at a time while the most insurgent teams appeared receptive to severe discussion. This ebook is an account of that attempt at peace, followed on the outset through family and overseas help and wish, and but doomed like such a lot of others to eventual failure.
Through interviews with a number of the actors during this drama, in addition to an figuring out of some of the curiosity teams and monetary forces at paintings in Colombia, Dr. Kline charts the development and supreme failure of this attempt, and thereby hopes to extend realizing of the explanations of its loss of good fortune. the significance of the solution of the clash to the zone and to boring voters of this stricken land can't be
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Additional resources for Chronicle of a Failure Foretold: The Peace Process of Columbian President Andres Pastrana
32 One might ask, then, if the presence of the military in the region had been so slight, why was there so much opposition to changing a de facto situation to a de jure one. I would suggest that there were three reasons—the same reasons mentioned before that explain why Samper made no progress with FARC: the 32 context for failure feeling within the military that FARC could be defeated with arms; the less than completely legitimate nature of the Samper presidency; and that it was one thing for FARC to control a remote area of Colombia, but quite a different one for the government to give it permission to be in charge of it.
On the other hand, Presidents who lack the weapon of party discipline . . and who have had to make deals with and promises to rivals in order to secure nomination, may have to exchange most of their appointment resources for the support of political allies that they need to govern effectively. 40 There is no doubt that Colombian presidents in general and Samper in particular have lacked the weapon of party discipline and had to spend political capital to gain the support of their own party members.
The problems were of the Theme 1 (lack of unity) nature—the military did not agree with the idea of a demilitarized zone. 20 However, this incident shows one key reason that Samper was not more successful in his peace process initiatives. In addition to the lack of time and psychological energy the president had available to dedicate to the peace process (because of his need to defend himself against charges of accepting money from the Cali drug group), he had to be concerned about the military more than other Colombian presidents.