By Gunter Senft
Universal one of the world's languages is the phenomenon of category, a in part or absolutely grammatical department of the noun lexicon into certain periods that eventually derives from the human have to classify and filter out facts on quite a few degrees whereas speaking. during this e-book, Senft describes and develops a grammar of classificatory debris in Kilivila, an Austronesian language of the Trobriand Islanders in Papua New Guinea. Drawing mostly on his anthropological and linguistic fieldwork within the islands, and emphasizing using classifiers in a social context, Senft offers quantitative information and a statistical profile of the prestige and use of those debris, and the classifier method that employs them.
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Extra resources for Classificatory Particles in Kilivila (Oxford Studies in Anthropological Linguistics)
Pretesting had shown that there was no point in trying to elicit CPs from children younger than 4 years of age; children start to acquire these formatives around the age of 4 ( + 6 months). Within all five age groups, I tried to balance the consultants according to gender and age, especially in the two adult groups that spanned ages 14 to 39 years (in the actual test: 11 to 38 years; see appendix A). As demonstrated elsewhere (B. Senft and G. Senft 1986, Senft 1987b), the size of this sample is adequate to meet all the requirements that the aims of studies like the one presented here demand.
Are highlighted by a particular classifier . . " See also Adams (1986:241-243) and Lehmann (1979:171), who mentions ". . , sarcastic or insulting) deliberate choice of a 'wrong' classifier . . " See also Allan (1977). "With respect to the topic "frequency of usage", see for example, Rosch (1977:38). See also Mufwene (1980a) who notes the discrepancy between CP inventory and actual CP usage. 12 Classificatory Particles in Kilivila empirical descriptive studies of individual languages will be described, based on Berlin's (1968) and Miram's (1983) monographs; other studies will then be discussed in light of the questions raised by these monographs.
Examples (13)-(15) illustrate these functions of CPs. (13) Atatai tataba. Tauwau Tabalu mtosina makena si koni. -carve tataba-board men Tabalu-subclan m-to-si-na ma-ke-na si koni this-male-Plural-this this-wooden-this their sign of honor 'I carve a tataba-board. ' Here, the speaker refers to a certain board with carved patterns that marks houses, food houses, and canoes as the personal property of men belonging to the Tabalu-subclan. The reference of the two demonstrative pronouns is unequivocal because in this context the CP to can only refer to the noun tauwau, and the CP ke can only refer to the noun tataba.