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By Christopher Bassford

This highbrow heritage examines the reception of Carl von Clausewitz's army theories in Britain and the U.S.. within the first complete learn of the literature, Christopher Bassford argues that the impression of Clausewitzian concept has been underestimated and he follows the path of Clausewitzian effect from pre-1873 Britain to 1945. Bassford unearths that between those that explicitly mentioned Clausewitz and his theories have been squaddies, newshounds, historians, political scientists and propagandists. In bringing this literature to mild, Clausewitz in English makes a persuasive case for Clausewitzian thought having an immense influence at the extensive improvement of the British and American army pondering. will probably be of curiosity to a variety of army and highbrow historians.

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Additional resources for Clausewitz in English: The Reception of Clausewitz in Britain and America, 1815-1945

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This was the only explicit reference to Clausewitz in Mitchell's Thoughts on Tactics, although he shortly thereafter discussed war as a duel and the question as to whether generals are born or made. In these discussions he clearly seems to be drawing on the same source. Indeed, one could read a Clausewitzian influence into many sections of this book, but this is the only place where firm connections can be demonstrated. Mitchell's three-volume The Fall of Napoleon (1845) also made many respectful if sometimes puzzled references to Clausewitz, drawing on both Vom Kriege and the campaign studies of 1812, 1814, and 1815.

French successes had created a precedent that others would undoubtedly try to repeat. Clausewitz was therefore interested in the role of popular passions and public opinion in both politics and war. As a professional officer in an army with a venerable and glorious tradition, he was also sensitive to the quite different military virtues represented by such armies. "50 They applied at the individual (usually discussed under the rubric of "military genius"), the organizational, and the societal levels.

He also assumed, for the purpose of argument, that state policy would be rational, that is, aimed at improving the situation of the society it represented. He believed along with most Westerners of his era that war was a legitimate means for a state's advancement of its interests. This is often taken to mean that war is somehow a "rational" phenomenon, and Clausewitz has been convicted of advocating the resort to war as a routine extension of unilateral state policy. In fact, the choice of translation for Politik—"policy" or "politics"—is indicative of differing emphases on the part of the translator, for the two concepts are quite different.

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