By Jon Elster
An research of transitional justice - retribution and reparation after a transformation of political regime - from Athens within the 5th Century B.C. to the current. half I, 'The Universe of Transitional Justice', describes greater than thirty transitions, a few of them in enormous aspect, others extra succinctly. half II, 'The Analytics of Transitional Justice', proposes a framework for explaining the differences one of the instances - why after a few transitions wrongdoers from the former regime are punished seriously and in different situations mildly or in no way, and sufferers occasionally compensated generously and infrequently poorly or by no means. After surveying a large variety of justifications and excuses for wrongdoings and standards for choosing and indemnifying sufferers, the e-book concludes with a dialogue of 3 common explanatory components: financial and political constraints, the retributive feelings, and the play of social gathering politics.
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Additional info for Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective
Because of their origin and because of political uncertainty about the future, their prices remained artificially low, creating problems for resale and mortgaging. The purchasers were in an anomalous situation: Although not wrongdoers, they were the beneficiaries of wrongdoing. Because of the hostility of the ultras, which the liberals had an interest in presenting as even more pervasive than it was, they lived in a state of permanent anxiety.
Ceding to the combined demands of the Allies and the e´ migr´es for punishments and proscriptions, Fouch´e drew up a list of the guilty. Its exact composition is unknown, but it was apparently or allegedly intended to make the whole measure unworkable. ”24 Be this as it may, the list was redrawn a number of times by the government, until on July 24, a decree announced that nineteen officers would be brought before a military council, whereas thirty-eight other individuals would be assigned to house arrest until the legislature could designate those who would either be proscribed or brought before the courts.
89–90. Vidalenc (1977), pp. 64–65. Houssaye (1906), p. 564, gives a slightly different summary. The scheme for evaluating the behavior of French prefects during the German occupation (see Chap. 4) was even more detailed, but it was not implemented. xml CY416B/Elster 0 521 83969 6 June 3, 2004 9:7 The Universe of Transitional Justice 36 (8) 480 officers who had retained their position [destination] without soliciting a new one; (9) 2,001 officers whose service had been purely passive [s´edentaire]; (10) 729 officers and military officials who, after the departure of the King, had received promotions or rewards that the King had accorded them; (11) 2,139 officers and military officials who had followed Bonaparte until the return of the King to Paris; (12) 37 officers in the preceding category who had also signed petitions to Napoleon; (13) 41 officers who had commanded revolutionary battalions or partisan bodies; (14) 612 officers who were grouped in seven particularly reprehensible categories: 1.