Download Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance (Food, Health, by Jennifer Clapp, Doris Fuchs PDF

By Jennifer Clapp, Doris Fuchs

In today's globally built-in nutrients approach, occasions in a single a part of the area may have a number of and wide-ranging results, as has been proven by means of the hot and fast worldwide upward push in foodstuff costs. Transnational companies (TNCs) were principal to the improvement of this worldwide foodstuff method, dominating construction, foreign alternate, processing, distribution, and retail sectors. in addition, those worldwide enterprises play a key function within the institution of ideas and rules in which they themselves are ruled. This booklet examines how TNCs workout energy over international nutrients and agriculture governance and what the results are for the sustainability of the worldwide nutrition procedure. The booklet defines 3 elements of this company strength: instrumental strength, or direct effect; structural strength, or the wider effect organisations have over environment agendas and principles; and discursive, or communicative and persuasive, strength. The publication starts off through studying the character of company energy in circumstances starting from "green" meals certification in Southeast Asia and company effect on U.S. meals reduction coverage to governance within the seed and foreign nutrition security criteria. Chapters research such concerns as advertising of corporate-defined "environmental sustainability" and "food security," biotechnology agencies and highbrow estate rights, and purchaser resistance to GMOs and different circumstances of contestation in agrobiology. In a last bankruptcy, the editors bring up the an important query of the way to accomplish participation, transparency, and responsibility in foodstuff governance.

Contributors: Maarten Arentsen, Jennifer Clapp, Robert Falkner, Doris Fuchs, Agni Kalfagianni, Peter Newell, Steffanie Scott, Susan promote, Elizabeth Smythe, Peter Vandergeest, Marc Williams, Mary Young

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2 Even an analysis of both the instrumental and the structural facets of a corporate actor’s power, however, does not fully explain the power that preexists decisions and nondecisions. A more discursive approach, 10 Jennifer Clapp and Doris Fuchs which recognizes that power is also a function of norms and ideas and is reflected in discourse, communicative practices, and cultural values and institutions, is necessary as well (Lukes [1974] 2004). Scholars attach increasing importance to this discursive dimension of the political process.

The Strength and Fragility of Business Power in Global Politics. Millennium 33 (3): 771–803. Fuchs, Doris. 2005b. Governance by Discourse. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Honolulu, March. Fuchs, Doris. 2007a. Business Power in Global Governance. Boulder: Lynne Rienner. Fuchs, Doris, with Jörg Vogelmann. 2007b. Business Power in Shaping the Sustainability of Development. , Transnational Private Governance and Its Limits, 71–83. London: Routledge. Gill, Stephen, and David Law.

In addition, they explore the interaction of corporate power with the power of other actors in their specific areas of analysis and the ways this interaction may enhance or constrain corporate power. , IAASTD 2008; World Bank 2007). There are sound reasons for this centrality of food and agriculture Agrifood Corporations, Global Governance, and Sustainability 13 in discussions of sustainability. Over half of the world’s population is engaged in agricultural production, making it a source of livelihood for a significant proportion of people on the planet.

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