Download Corrosion Control in Petroleum Production - TPC Publication by Harry G. Byars PDF

By Harry G. Byars

This bestseller is written for those that should not corrosion experts, yet who've an curiosity and/or accountability for corrosion keep an eye on in oil and gasoline creation operations. The booklet contains eleven chapters that comprise details on corrosion fundamentals, kinds of corrosion, fabrics choice, protecting coatings, cathodic safety, chemical therapy, regulate of the corrosive setting, corrosion detection, and keep watch over tracking.
Content:
entrance subject
• desk of Contents
1. advent
2. Corrosion fundamentals
three. types of Corrosion (Types of Corrosion)
four. fabrics choice - Metals
five. fabrics choice - Nonmetallics
6. protecting Coatings
7. Cathodic safety
eight. Chemical therapy
nine. regulate of the Corrosive setting
10. Corrosion Detection and keep an eye on tracking
eleven. Corrosion keep watch over courses and Economics
Index

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Extra resources for Corrosion Control in Petroleum Production - TPC Publication 5

Sample text

The midpoint of the pH scale is 7; a solution with this pH is neutral. Numbers below 7 denote acid solutions; those above 7 denote alkaline (often called "basic") solutions. Neutral 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 By definition pH is the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration. In other words: The greater the concentration of hydrogen ions, the more acid the solution and the lower the pH value. 0. Hydrogen ions make a solution acid and, therefore, force the pH toward zero. Hydroxyl ions (OH-) make a solution basic or alkaline and push the pH upward.

6 Pitting Corrosion-Severe gas condensate well tubing. 8 A 81 B Localized Corrosion-Oil well tubing from a highly deviated well. Water collected and traveled along the lower side of the tubing in the deviated section of the well. A. External of a joint showing full penetration. B. Internal view of joint in "A'" Note the corroded groove. 42 CORROSION CONTROL IN PETROLEUM PRODUCTION Pitting occurs when the corroding metal suffers metal loss at localized areas rather than over its entire surface. The entire driving force of the corrosion reaction is concentrated at these localized areas.

1. The actual variation of corrosion rate with pH is obviously dependent on the composition of the water or electrolyte. In many oilfield waters, protective scales, such as iron hydroxides or carbonate scales, may form on the steel surface and slow down the corrosion rate. 1 Steel corrosion rate curve typical of variations related to hydrogen ion concentration (ph) in the electrolyte. DISSOLVED GASES Oxygen, C02, or H2S dissolved in water, drastically increases its corrosivity. In fact, dissolved gases are the primary cause of most oil and gas corrosion problems.

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