Download The Economics of Producing Defense: Illustrated by the by Yaacov Lifshitz PDF

By Yaacov Lifshitz

The Economics of manufacturing safety: Illustrated through the Israeli Case starts with an summary of the advance of safety economics as a sub-discipline of the overall concept of economics, and issues on the new demanding situations it truly is dealing with within the post-Cold struggle period. It focuses, then, at the provide facet of safeguard economics, proposing theoretical analyses and empirical findings regarding using quite a few inputs - manpower, domestically-made protection items, imported fingers - in supplying nationwide protection. many of the matters less than dialogue are additional elucidated by means of examples from Israel's event. As a small economic system that faces regularly critical protection difficulties, Israel's means of dealing with protection monetary matters might certainly ahead a few attention-grabbing classes for a much wider viewers.

The central objective of the booklet is to persuade policy-makers and the general public at huge of the contribution security economics can make to more beneficial administration of nationwide safety difficulties. This goal is inspired via the transforming into weight hooked up to monetary issues and effects in generating and offering safeguard, as tested within the exact dialogue.

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Arms factories, and rationalized production and trade. Nef responded that though wars produced the need for large economic units to supply fighting materials, they also impeded the development of new economic units that could have served peacetime markets, making wars the revenge of industrialization, not the cause of its development (Winter, 1975: 4-5). The facts and reasons economic historians advance for assigning war a positive role in developmental processes divide into two main groups: those that indicate accelerating influence on discoveries and technological innovations, and others that represent conditions that spurred industrialization and advanced production methods.

After World War I and following the Versailles Treaty, the question of reparations became especially controversial. Keynes recognized that reparations might adversely affect recipient states (Barber, 1991: 81), while Pigou, by contrast, rejected the idea 32 that a victorious state could not benefit economically from war reparations. He explained that reparations were like an interest free foreign loan that need not be repaid, so that usually states profit from war reparations, and occasional damage can occur only when they choose to use them unwisely (Barber, 1991a: 132).

However, they argue that the economist can spare the analytical work from the decisionmaker, leaving for him the more difficult questions that require his judgment (Enthoven & Smith, 1974: 90). Charles Hitch claimed that in order to handle national security issues successfully, economists should address modest targets. Optimal solutions are unachievable in a world of uncertainties and variables that are measured by incomparable units. But economic behavior does not necessarily require optimization, neither in the military nor in the economy.

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